The waste is an ecological and economic resource!

Exciting potential in renewable energy production! Sky's the limit!

 

Remarkable and sustainable

 

The revolutionary transformation of waste into environmentally friendly fuel without waste water and NOx emissions

 

There are no NOx emissions and no waste water is produced. We created the entire vertical of the possibility of small-scale waste processing for poorer countries. There are no NOx emissions during gasification in water vapor microwave plasma. NOx has a harmful effect on health and the environment, NO2, for example, is 40 times more toxic than CO.

 

It can be produced from waste by pyrolysis in an oxygen-free space

 

a)      pure coal (grill coke) for baking and cooking,

b)     oil for the heating and diesel for the car engine

c)      diesel or syngas fuel for electricity generation

 

MSW, RDF, plastic, tire, etc. distillation and gasification in water vapor microwave plasma

 

Water vapor plasma consists exclusively of hydrogen and oxygen; both components are active reagents that participate in oxidation-reduction reactions. There is no ballast, such as air plasma nitrogen, where its percentage is 78%. When reacting with chlorine-containing substances, water vapor plasma does not produce dioxin, which is one of the most toxic substances. The flue gases produced during the gasification of the steam plasma do not contain nitrogen oxides.

 

The main advantage of steam plasma reactors is that there is no nitrogen in the steam plasma, the plasma reactor, the gasifier and the plasma afterburner chamber, so there is no nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). The hydrogen introduced into the reaction space with the steam plasma slows down the reactions of gaseous sulphur, phosphorus and free chlorine formation, i.e. gases that are difficult to remove in the gas purification unit.

 

 

RDF, tire, waste plastic utilization technology and machines

 

     

 

 

Electric energy from organic waste

 

Our syngas generator® that produces fuel for the gas engine power generator. A very important aspect at gasification, only pyrolyzed carbon (from RDF / plastic / tire / etc.) can be gasified to a quality suitable for a gas engine. Filter out the tar from the synthesis gas with the resulting pyrolytic carbon, then gasify the tarry pyrolytic coal. The tar produced during the refining of pyrolytic oil can be gasified to produce electricit, very importante because it is very important to know that the tar left over from the refining is 60% of the pyrolytic oil, this is a big loss of energy, so this must also be used for electricity!

 

Syngas calorific value option selection

 

  • From air oxygen, when the calorific value of the produced syngas is 5-6 MJ/Nm3 (since the nitrogen content of the air is 78%, which reduces the calorific value of syngas)
  • With a water vapor plasma torch, when the heating value of the produced syngas is 25-30 MJ/Nm3 (water vapor plasma consists exclusively of hydrogen and oxygen; both components are active reagents that participate in oxidation-reduction reactions. There is no ballast, such as air plasma nitrogen, where its percentage is 78%)

 

Proposal for the utilization of cheap electricity from waste: A very good business opportunity, for example, the utilization below: Cheap electricity from waste that can be used to grow expensive diamonds or mine Bitcoin. Diamonds grown by microwave plasma technology are of the highest quality. Their properties and purity are equal to or better than natural diamonds. Summary: Repurposing waste for electricity, diamonds, or Bitcoin presents exciting opportunities at the intersection of sustainability and innovation. The structure, material, physical and chemical characteristics of a mined, natural diamond and a cultured diamond are perfectly identical. An artificial diamond is therefore a real diamond, so much so that even experienced eyes cannot tell the difference.

 

My design / built gas generator that produces synthesis gas,

 

from RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel ) and waste tire, waste plastic, etc. pyrolytic coke with oxygen and hydrogen from water vapor plasma for GENSET There is no need for a gas tank in the system, the gas quantity is regulated by the gas quantity demand of the gas engine (engine suction). Gas production stops when the gas engine stops. Syngas production starts when the gas engine is started, continuous electricity production takes place after 15 minutes

 

 

  

 

Tar-free flame color

 

  

 

The condition for absolutely tar-free gas production is the reduction zone at 1300 ℃

 

  

 

Gasification in water vapor microwave plasma

 

  • The water steam plasma is ionized plasma that can operate at  at atmospheric pressure while still producing highly active particles and electrons.Electronic energy works well in exciting molecular and atomic particles and breaking chemical bonds, so non-thermal plasma is widely used in various applications. Water vapor plasma consists exclusively of hydrogen and oxygen; both components are active reagents that participate in oxidation-reduction reactions. There is no ballast, such as air plasma nitrogen, where its percentage is 78%.

 

  • When reacting with chlorine-containing substances, water vapor plasma does not produce dioxin, which is one of the most toxic substances. The flue gases produced during gasification of the steam plasma do not contain nitrogen oxides. The main advantage of steam plasma reactors is that there is no nitrogen in the steam plasma, the plasma reactor, the gasifier and the plasma afterburning chamber, so there is no nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). The hydrogen delivered to the reaction space with a steam plasma slows down the reactions of gaseous sulfur, phosphorus and free chlorine formation, i.e. such gases that are difficult to remove in the gas purification unit.

 

  • Gas abatement Reduction of pollutant emissions is one of the most important issues that is of concern to industry today. Indeed, the reduction of the global warming potential (GWP) via the abatement of greenhouse gases such as PFC (Perfluorocarbons), HFC (Hydrofluorocarbons), SF6 (SF6 has a greenhouse impact 24 000 times higher than CO2) is a major priority. VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) and NOx have harmful effects on health and on the environment, NO2 being 40 times more toxic than CO for example.

 

Water vapor plasma torch flame

 

915 MHz – 2,45 GHz / 6 - 100kW RF

 

 

 

Thermal degradation in microwave plasma

 

The "plasma tar filter" is a special reactor in which the plasma-forming gas is actually synthesis gas, which, when ionized, forms a high-temperature field (1500-4000 °C) that effectively breaks down all complex compounds (resins, aromatic molecules, tars, etc.). Our technology is based on the basic properties of microwave plasma, which enable the very effective effect of breaking down their gaseous components. The use of microwave plasma makes it possible to reach an average operating temperature of around 2500 ℃. In this case, the heating rate of the various materials in the reactor is 100-1000 °C/s.

 

 

Applications for plasma cracking

 

  • Plasma cracking is favored used to dispose of small amounts of off-gases from manufacturing processes where flammable gases are not allowed for safety reasons.
  • Destruction of CFC/HCFC/HFC from fridges, foams and spent solvents.
  • Destruction of hazardous off-gases exiting manufacturing processes
  • Disposal of HFC R 23 waste gas coming from R22 production plant.
  • Disposal of SF6, CF4 etc waste gas coming from production plant.
  • Disposal of CF4 NF3 etc Nitrogen gas coming from semiconductor industry

 

Plasma cracking technology benefits

 

  • Proven better 99,99 % DRE
  • Classed as non-incineration
  • Non-Catalytic
  • Non flammable heating gases
  • CO and dioxin emissions well below current standards

 

Our technology enables the use of our organic waste as material

 

The breakdown of the heat in the material (components) of our organic waste takes place in an oxygen-free atmosphere, which is environmentally friendly technology, because it is not incineration, but dry distillation in an oxygen-free vacuum space at temperature. 200℃ to 700℃. With our process, the status of waste ceases, and the material of is transformed into many products, such as e.g. diesel, gasoline, heating oil, clean coal, etc.

 

The resulting product gas and the diesel separated in the fractionated condensate can be used directly as fuel in electricity production. The vapors are also condensed into diesel oil suitable for diesel engine fuel, while the resulting gases are used as gas engine fuel and electricity is generated by the electric generators they drive.

 

Tire, RDF, MSW carbonizing unit

 

 

Syngas - oil vapor - coal powder burner in a fire basket

 

  • Our proven burners have the lowest NOx emission levels (5-9 ppm) and CO emissions (20-50 ppm). These low emission levels are achieved with an oxygen level of 3.0% in the burners. Our burners require only 22% flue gas recirculation to achieve low emissions below 9 ppm NOx. Our burner can operate with double or triple fuel. The burners can also operate with non-standard fuels, for example pyrogas produced by pyrolytic gasification

 

  • The natural gas or PB gas-fired burner ensures the role of the flame guard and the constantly necessary temperature of the high firebox, above 1300°C, because this balances the high-quality and quantitative changes of the synthesis and coke dust produced, excluding the fire resulting from the change of the mixed fuel during operation. and explosion hazard.

 

  • In summary, it ensures the perfect combined combustion of mixed fuels, air emissions below the limit value, and the flue gas produced during combustion - keeping the concentration of pollutants below the limit value according to EU DIRECTIVE 2000/76/EC.

Syngas - oil vapor - coal powder burner in boiler

 

 

18’ waste tire = 4 liter diesel + 3.5 kg of BBQ coke

 

  

 

Tire and plastic distillation for GENSET and diesel car fuel

 

 

 

Carbon briquettes made from tires which is its calorific value ~30MJ/kg

 

    

 

RDF, PCB carbonizing unit

 

 

 

 

We offer technology to waste managers

 

Extraction of non-ferrous metals and precious metals from electronic waste

 

  • Electronic waste, PCB, plastic waste with metal, etc. which it is only possible to safely smelt the non-ferrous metal - precious metal content after carburizing. The resulting non-ferrous metal - precious metal alloy can be decomposed into its highly pure 99.99% alloying metals (gold, palladium, silver, copper, aluminium, tin, lead, etc.) in a self-sustaining way in terms of electricity and heat (gas, coke and the so-called pyrolytic oil obtained from energy carriers) in emissions within the limits of environmental protection.

 

 

  • Carbonization prior to smelting facilitates environmental approval in terms of emission limits, because during carbonization, we filter out the polluting components in the organic and inorganic condensate / condensate that would have gone out the smelter's chimney without carbonization. (filtering with condensate is used as a pre-filter for the flue gas)

 

  

 

 

  • Over 90% of labels, caps, debris and sludge generated during PET processing can be gasified. The high calorific value gas generated can be used for heating and/or electricity generation, the processing plant can be made self-sufficient in electricity and heat, instead of the costs of the previous waste disposal and transportation.

 

  • In the case of rubber-insulated cable waste, the costly shredding and skinning of the cable is not necessary, as the cable is carbonized in an oxygen-free environment by cutting or coiling it. During carbonization, the pyrocoke produced from the rubber is pulverized and taken out and briquetted, while the oxide-free metal, pure copper, aluminum, and steel wire, is compacted and pressed, thus, the metal becomes suitable for melting rubber without contamination.

 

  • Tetra Pak recovery: a list of products obtained from its breakdown ("water" - "thermal"):

 

1.   Paper 45 – 55% aluminium and PE film-free (paper pulp and activated carbon)

2.   Ethylene film 20%, from which heating oil is produced (1 liter of oil from 1 kg of film)

3.   Aluminum foil 5% pure metal

 

"Pure carbon" from organic waste

 

In my equipment, the grill (BBQ coke) briquettes can be produced with extra profit, because we don't have to pay for the waste, and they even pay for the waste.The grill coke produced during the transformation meets the solid fuel standard. The calorific value of grill coke is 30 MJ/kg, and its sulfur content is 0.8%. "Pure coal" (coke) only glows, has no sooty smoke, no flame. "Pure carbon" is produced during dry distillation in an oxygen-free space. During combustion, the amount of harmful substances entering the atmosphere is reduced to a fraction, since most of the pollutants have already been separated in the condensate of the distillation.

 

Pure carbon samples from various wastes at my plant

 

 

grill coal (barbeque coke) from waste

 

  

 

 

and heating from tire…

 

 

 

The calorific value of 100 pcs tires (1 ton) is equal to 980m3 of natural gas or 2.500kg of firewood

 

 

In the gasification space, the tire pyrolytically decomposes into hydrogen and carbon monoxide gases. Here, we maintain an oxygen-poor environment in the primary reaction space. CO2 is reduced to CO in the glowing carbon layer, where most of the sulfur in the reducing glowing carbon layer reacts with the steel wires of the tire above 900, where iron(III)-sulfide (Fe2S3) is first formed, and then immediately it is reduced to iron(II) sulfide (pyrite iron ore). Complete oxidation takes place in a fire chamber at a temperature above ~1300 with the oxygen of the air or, in the case of water vapor plasma, with the oxygen produced by the microwave decomposition of water.

 

Environmental protection - emissions: In the absorber attached to the boiler, the remaining sulfur content is captured as gypsum (CaSO4). An aqueous solution of urea (Ad-Blue) is added in the firebox to reduce NOx, or in the case of water vapor plasma, there is no need to add (Ad-Blue), since the oxidation takes place with the oxygen produced from the breakdown of water, so the flue gas is NOx -free. The resulting slag is insoluble in water, so it can be disposed of.

 

Material balance, e.g. The amount of tire waste required for a heat output of 500kWth is 75 kg/hour. The amount of slag produced is 12 kg/hour, as well as another 10 kg/hour of spent steel wire (the steel wire can be transferred to smelting as pure useful iron from the tire

 

 

Microwave technology in the gasification

 

 

  • In physics, technical plasma is described as the 4th state of matter and consists of ions and electrons, as well as other excited gas species and highly reactive charge carriers. Because it is in almost complete local thermal equilibrium, with a high degree of ionization, atmospheric microwave plasma is a special form of technical plasma. Unlike other plasma systems, microwave plasma is generated in non-contact hollow resonators and does not cause burning of the energy-carrying electrodes or contamination of the medium due to the contact of the plasma with the hot gas-carrying components.

 

  • The atmospheric plasma source is based on a specially designed microwave cavity. Microwaves at a frequency of 1 GHz - 5 GHz are fed into the plasma source, resulting in a high field concentration in the center of the cavity. It is excellent for the removal of highly polluted air pollutants such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and their fluorine-containing derivatives (FOCs), the synthesis of special gases and the production of nanoparticles. Microwave radiation is not generated by electrons, but by magnetrons.

 

  • This gasifier reactor contains a series of plasmatrons that generate plasma using microwave radiation. When this radiation comes in contact with carbonic material it unleashes such large quantity of energy that a plasma field is generated. Due to this reaction, the incoming solid material and saturated steam go through a phase transformation that forces the carbon, oxygen and hydrogen molecules to break loose. Once these molecules leave the plasma field they attach to each other forming a new molecular structure, called syngas.  Syngas has multiple applications, and producing electric power is only one of them. Syngas can be converted into hydrogen, methanol and many other petrochemical products.

 

 

Our method of filtering flue gas for quality according to EU 2000/76 / EC directives

 

By means of flue gas filtering, the small power plant is inexhaustible for the renewable - with more and more raw materials annually. For the production of electrical and thermal energy from wastes, it is necessary to filter the flue gas produced during the combustion process from the combustion, which is ensured by the ceramic filters and by injecting the adsorbents in front of the filters to the pollutant content according to the EU 2000/76 / EC directives, to the air quality. Emissions from flue gas are below the permissible air emission limits provided by the ceramic filter. The flue gas is filtered with ceramic filters by adding adsorbents. The emitted flue gas component is continuously monitored by the analyzer, the measurement results are documented by continuous data recording.

 

Thermal decomposition of flue gas pollutants in microwave plasma

 

The thermal plasma flue gas filter is a special reactor in which the plasma-forming gas is a mixture of water vapor + synthesis gas, which, when ionized, forms a high-temperature field (1500-6000 °C). Parallel to the effect of high temperature, the powerful ionizing effect of the microwave plasma in the reactor volume leads to the complete decomposition of the complex molecules of carbon-containing substances into the simplest molecules and ions. It is excellent for the removal of heavily polluted air pollutants such as volatile organic compounds (VOC) and their fluorine-containing derivatives (FOC), the synthesis of special gases and the production of nanoparticles.

 

Catalyzed foam ceramic filters

 

 

 

 

Description of the catalytic conversion of foam ceramic filter elements by calcination

 

Raschig foam ceramic, which Ni, Cu, Mn, Pt, etc. can be made catalytic with metals, e.g. with the following procedure for Ni

 

We use nickel nitrate hexahydrate (Ni [NO3 ]2, 6H2O), AR - grade and calcium nitrate (Ca [NO3 ]2, 4H2 O), AR - grade. Precursors for the preparation of solutions in three different mass ratios 1: 5, 2: 5 and 4: 5. Then, the large-surface ceramic ring carriers are soaked in precursor solutions in a hot pool at 70 °C, and then the gel solution is dried. The wet impregnated and then dried Raschig ceramics were heated in the oven at 110 °C for 24 hours and then calcined at 950 °C for 6 hours. The calcined Raschig catalyzed finished ceramic is stored at room temperature in a closed container next to silica gel.

 

 

Heat waste recovery

Heat engine with swing piston steam expander

 

ORC method is a classic steam engine system. Known as Organic Rankine Cycle, William Rankine (1820-1872), a Scottish physicist and engineer, is also one of the inventors of thermodynamics. Instead of using steam, the ORC process uses organic media such as alcohols, (silicone) oils, or coolants that have more efficient thermodynamic properties than water. That's why you have the choice of optimum fluid for every application. The cyclic process always takes place under the same conditions. The heat flow from the process or from a suitable heat source is used under moderate pressure in a cyclic process to evaporate an organic medium, then reduced to a lower condenser in an expander, then compressed to a higher pressure by revaporation. To do this, we have developed a planetary piston ORC steam expander engine with high differential pressure, which can be variably operated with an output range of 100kWel.

 

Our unique ORC vapour or / and heat air expansion engine The centrepiece of a waste heat power plant is the swing piston-driven vapour expansion engine (the swing piston expander), which was developed by ourselves, and is manufactured in house. The swing piston-driven expansion engines achieve an exceptionally high pressure difference, resulting in a much steeper enthalpy gradient and consequently much more electricity is generated compared to related technologies. Another considerable advantage of the swing piston-driven expansion engines lies in its impressive partial load capability. Operating Temperature: 100-300°C (full zirkon ceramic bearings and engine parts of coated with ceramics) The working fluid: ethanol 99%  Customized manufacture according to the customer's needs. 

 

The expansion rate can be varied from 1:3 to 1:40, electric power efficiency is: 15-18%

 

 

 

 

Our machine resource for electric power generation…

 

Swing piston steam – gas expander® of Steam & Power ORC system (Organic Rankine Cycle)  or/and  heat air & Power OBC system (Open Brayton Cycle) Our unique ORC vapour or / and heat air expansion engine The centrepiece of a waste heat power plant is the swing piston-driven vapour expansion engine (the swing piston expander), which was developed by ourselves, and is manufactured in house. The swing piston-driven expansion engines achieve an exceptionally high pressure difference, resulting in a much steeper enthalpy gradient and consequently much more electricity is generated compared to related technologies. Another considerable advantage of the swing piston-driven expansion engines lies in its impressive partial load capability. The novelty of our system is the use of a motorized "hot air engine" driving the electric generator as a resource expander. The external combustion heat engine is an external heat engine with reciprocating crankshaft mechanism.

 

  • Boiler fuel may be solid biomass, gas and liquid
  • Work fluid is a mixture of air and water vapor that does not pollute our environment
  • In addition to heating, it also provides domestic hot water, adjustable between 40-95ºC
  • Operating 100°C –  400°C  / 2 – 60bar / expansion ratio 1:3 → 1:40

  

Swing piston expander with APMG electric generator

10 kWel – 250 kWel 

 

    

 

ORC wit my expander, 16 – 18% electrical efficiency

 

 

"Superconducting heat exchanger"

 

A significant amount (~66%) of waste heat is generated, which we used it "heat pipe" with quasi-superconducting heat exchangers. About heat pipes are superconductors of heat conduction Their thermal conductivity is 1000x times higher than e.g. for solid copper conductors of the same size.

 

Characteristics of the "superconducting heat exchanger".

 

  • Its operation does not require electricity, so no connection
  • It does not require maintenance, its heat transfer metal surface is kept metallic clean by ionic separation
  • Its lifespan is endless, as there are no aging plastic, moving or wearing parts

 

 

 

Jozsef Nagy

Senior designer of equipment

Microwave and plasma torch electronics specialist

I will gladly help you in your project

Unshared knowledge is lost knowledge

email: gumienergia@gmail.com